You already know how grueling it is to just wake up and roll out of bed in the morning. You leave your radio off on your way to your job because every song is a painful reminder of him. You can’t even bear to eat at the same restaurants you took her to. And if that isn’t bad enough, you have to deal with the loss of friends and family that are on “their side”. But here’s some good news… Most relationships CAN be salvaged! You may find it difficult to believe that almost every break up for whatever reasonbetrayal, plain old lost passion, loss of interest, a stolen heart and worse…even the worst situations you could conceivelike men serving prison terms have salvaged their relationships. Yes, even Ex-convicts have reunited with girlfriends and wives after being away for years! It doesn’t matter if you were the one that got left or did the leaving your pain is real and can be healed. Find out everything you need to know to feel better within twenty-four hours. It’s true you could be feeling significantly better one day from today. The Magic of Making Up System can… Show you how to take COMPLETE CONTROL OF THE BREAK UP and make your ex become extremely attracted to you and want to have sex with you every day of the week! Yes it is realistic with “The Instant Reconnect Technique” (my favorite technique). You can use these secrets right now to make your ex Come CRAWLING BACK TO YOU on their knees while they are begging you to take them back! However, I must STRONGLY CAUTION YOUthe advice and techniques are VERY unconventional. Relationship counselors get REALLY ANGRY because they are charging a lot of money (sometimes for months and even years) and you could do just one of the procedures in the book And next thing you know… youre back together with your ex. I just don’t believe that any amount of sitting in a classroom can make up for the REAL WORLD experience that you will learn. Human psychology plays a big part in the approach to getting back with an ex. Unconventional techniques and relational psychology is a large part of the Magic of Making Up. It will lead you toward a recovery just like thousands of other separated people have experienced. Your pain could be gone, faster than you can begin to imagine, forever, if youre willing to follow the system. How would it feel to wash away your pain, to remove the knot eating you up from the inside? “Do you want all the magical behavior controlling advice to get your ex back?”
Large law firms and in house legal departments of large enterprises have enjoyed the benefits of outsourcing (quicker turnaround and lower costs) with success for quite some time in the United States.
On the other hand, small and midsize enterprises and law firms have just begun to outsource legal work to enjoy these benefits. This has become possible with a wider availability of technology at a lower cost, in addition to the arrival of a new breed of vendors who are addressing the unique requirements of small and midsized enterprises and law firms.
These vendors are providing services with better quality, by leveraging on technology and through deployment of experts in the work which is outsourced. Lawyers from India are increasingly familiar with US law and have several years of experience in doing legal work for US law firms and in house legal departments of large corporations. It has become possible to deploy experts these days due to aggregation of work from various clients, and the cascading higher volume of work.
They specialize in UK immigration law. Immigration lawyers usually work for huge Law consultancy firms whose clients include individuals and business in UK and also overseas.
The immigration lawyers provide complete assistance from preparing of applications to enter and to stay in any part of United Kingdom and all the formalities those are needed before the immigration in Tribunal or High court. The client can stay assured that the immigration lawyer would fulfill all the necessary formalities without any hazard. The client dont have to waste time fulfilling all those time consuming formalities and thus they have more time to concentrate on their respective businesses.
The immigration lawyers assist the clients in a wide range of functions from visa applications, to sponsor license applications and in advising of compliance management. All the immigration lawyers are well qualified to provide immigration law advice and representation to the client. The immigration lawyers commit clients a lot of functions which make the client assured that they are giving their responsibilities in the right hand. The immigration lawyers provide legal expertise whatever is needed for a complete immigration from one country to another. There are certain laws and regulations which are to be complied to while the process of immigration. The immigration lawyers also provide their clients with clear and professional advice which are very much needed by the client as they are not aware of all legal amendments. The immigration lawyers also provide effective advocacy to their clients who are very necessary and crucial. The immigration lawyers are usually very empathetic, friendly and provide reliable service which is very much expected by the clients. They also try to provide practical and affordable solutions so that clients remain satisfied and dont have to spend more than what are required. Above all, if we see the case histories of the immigration lawyers in UK, then we can well understand the consistent record of their success.
Executive Summary What we are going to discuss here is whether or not a creditor can come to Guatemala with a judgment from a foreign (Non Guatemala) court and enforce it or make it collectible in Guatemala. We will look at the complications involved and the chances of success which are miniscule at best. I would like to point out that this is a topic not covered by our competition. There are collection law firms that discuss international judgement collection but they are trying to sell their services. In spite of this I have never seen one collection law firm getting enthusiastic about collecting foreign judgements. It is best done through a treaty which Guatemala does not have with any country. We will discuss the matter in depth below.
What is a Judgement A judgement is a decision from a court based on a trial or it could be based on a summary judgment where there was not trial held because the odds of success for the defendant were so small the court just goes ahead and railroads him. Sometimes this happens because the defendant can not afford a legal defense. This is prevalent in the USA. In this discourse we are addressing judgments for money damages. A judgement can have other aspects to it like an eviction proceeding ordering one to leave a house. It does not matter if it is a local court or a national court for this discourse. This is because Guatemala has no treaties for enforcement of foreign judgments but more on this later. The court would need to be contained in a country that Guatemala has diplomatic relations with. Guatemala also insists that the country of the judgement allows Guatemala judgements to be enforced in that country.
What is Not a Judgement A tax lien is not a judgment. Tax liens can come from local or national governments. There is normally no trial preceding a tax lien. There was no judge, no jury, no due process, no right to defend yourself, no attorney present for the defendant, no right to examine your accuser, no chance of jury nullification, etc. This is a government administrative procedure that is not enforceable offshore in other countries. A tax lien would need to be reduced to a judgement by filing a lawsuit in a court of appropriate jurisdiction in the home country. It would be like any other lawsuit. The defendant would have the right to present a defense and have a jury trail. Such a judgement would also then be dischargeable in an ordinary bankruptcy case. Tax liens are practically never converted into a judgement for these reasons and of course the expense involved, time delay to go to trail and so forth.
Guatemala Has No Treaty for the Enforcement of Foreign Judgements It is good that Guatemala has no such treaty. If a treaty like this was present the process of collecting a foreign judgment would be simplified. The judgment itself would be sufficient evidence to proceed with collection. With Guatemala, foreign judgements are anything but a cost effective easy thing to collect on.
Guatemala Corporations and Foreign Judgements Before we get into the ins and outs of the nightmares associated with collecting foreign judgments in Guatemala lets look at the initial problem a judgment creditor would face. We always have our clients use corporations for asset protection. This applies to banking, real estate, cars etc. We prefer to start with fresh corporations formed in the jurisdiction as long as they are anonymous bearer share corporations. Guatemala has very anonymous bearer share corporations. The names of the owners of the corporation do not appear in any public registry, database and the government does not know who owns the corporation. In places like the USA where the legal system has run amuck you will hear a lot of talk concerning piercing the corporate veil. This piercing the corporate veil tactic is nasty and effective in the USA. Try it in Guatemala and you will fail and have one angry judge to deal with who will be less than appreciative of your attempts to import sleazy legal tactics from the USA into his or her courtroom. The corporate veil is not going to be pierced for foreign cvil judgement collection matters. So how does the creditor attack real estate or a bank account owned by a corporation in Guatemala? He doesn’t! You are the owner of the corporation but he does not know that and cannot prove that. Ownership of Guatemala corporations is not in any public registry or database. Going to court and saying well the judgment debtor wired funds from his home country bank account to a bank account owned by this corporation, is not going to prove a single thing in Guatemala regarding corporate ownership. The judgment debtor may have invested in this corporation, he may have bought real estate from this corporation or bought a boat, a plane a car, etc. It does not prove any ownership. The judgement creditor is not going to be able to get into any Guatemala banking records using a foreign judgment as grounds. Guatemala has serious bank secrecy. You must understand that in Guatemala a corporation is a free standing judicial person (artificial person) that has its own assets and liabilities. Your liabilities are not the liabilities of the corporation. This means personal debts do not transfer over to a corporation.
Fraudulent Conveyance The catchall used to attack offshore bank accounts is fraudulent conveyance. A fraudulent conveyance references activity where funds or assets were removed from a jurisdiction to prevent a creditor from recovering the debt. The term can also apply to transferring title of real estate or a car to another to keep it from being attached by a creditor. Panama allows a creditor to pursue a fraudulent conveyance action based on a foreign judgment and this even applies to their foundations. As a comparison Guatemala is not a fraudulent conveyance friendly jurisdiction. Such cases are seldom ever heard of in Guatemala because the chances of success are extremely slight. The plaintiff would need to show that the transfer was specifically designed or intended to remove the assets from the reach of the creditor. If the defendant could show this was not the case then there is no fraudulent conveyance. The money could have been moved to say a Guatemala corporation to pay for services, goods, make an investment, buy a residence, invest in real estate, buy a boat, and so forth. Please bear in mind that in Guatemala the creditor is in the dark. He cannot just subpoena bank records like in other countries. He has no idea who owns the corporation. There are a lot of just about insurmountable obstacles in the path the creditor has to follow. This is why we do not really see these cases in Guatemala.
Foreign Judgement Enforcement Complications in Guatemala There are a lot of conditions that need to be met to enforce a judgment in Guatemala from another country.
Default judgments are not enforceable in Guatemala. The defendant must have been served personally. This means a live process server gave them the legal papers. If the service was by mail, by courier, by publication it invalidates the entire lawsuit and judgement as far as Guatemala is concerned. Dropping the papers on the doorstep or taping them to the door is not going to work. This right off the top eliminates a large amount of judgements.
The judgment must be final in that there is no more room for appeals. This is usually going to mean a few months in most cases.
The court that issued the judgment has to have had proper jurisdiction over the matter. Frivolous cases filed in foreign jurisdictions with incorrect venue or authority are not going to be enforceable. The debtor can always argue that the jurisdiction or authority the court asserted is incorrect. This can then make it a triable issue of fact in the Guatemala courts. The defendant would try to get the plaintiff to retry the entire case in Guatemala if he could not find another way to dispose of the matter. To do this means two sets of lawyers for the plaintiff, one in Guatemala and one from the foreign country. Think big money. Remember that Guatemala has no treaties for the enforcement of foreign judgments. This opens up the playing field to counter attack the plaintiff attempting to collect the judgement. When there is a treaty the judgment itself stands as admissible evidence and the grounds for objecting are most limited.
There is no enforcement if no such claim would be possible under Guatemala law. Guatemala will refuse to enforce the foreign money judgment if the claim on which the foreign judgment is based could not have been brought in Guatemala. The foreign case has to be consistent with Guatemala law. Guatemala law is not as crazy as USA, UK law. If you were sued for sending out faxes that were unsolicited, this judgment would be void in Guatemala since they have no such law in Guatemala. Many USA lawsuits are for civil violations that are absent from Guatemala law and thus not enforceable in Guatemala. This means the foreign attorney will have to retain foreign counsel to review the case and see it is consistent with Guatemala law. Can be expensive. He may have to have the entire matter translated into Spanish by a certified translator at a cost of $10 to $15 a page. Some cases are hundreds of pages. Then the Guatemala lawyer has to read the case which means billable hours. He will ask questions to the foreign attorney so now we get into double billable hours. In any event to enter the judgment into the Guatemala court system in an effort to collect there would need to be a translation of the judgment into Spanish. Then when the debtor started making objections the entire case file would most likely need to be translated into Spanish.
If the judgment was for contempt of court it makes the judgment not valid in Guatemala. This sort of judgment would not be collectible in Guatemala.
The judgment has to not be for default. In other words if you failed to respond to a foreign court action and were in domicile in Guatemala and they got a summary judgment that would not be a valid judgment.
More Foreign Judgment Collection Obstacles in Guatemala The creditor wishing to collect on a foreign judgment in Guatemala is basically on a financial mission, to collect funds. His path is like walking through a minefield. He can hit a number of unexpected or hidden tactics presented by the debtor that will make a financial recovery very unlikely.
First, we have to look at the appeals process open to the defendant. These are the things a creditor will be advised to consider before proceeding with an expensive and time consuming foreign judgment matter in Guatemala. Please bear in mind the defendant (debtor) can appeal any negative decision from a lower court two ways. The defendant can appeal to the Supreme Court claiming the law was not followed correctly applying any of the above noted objections, or all of them. He can also claim procedures were not followed correctly. He can claim the case is not consistent with Guatemala law. He can attack the way he was served. There are many things he can do. He can even file a counter claim against the creditor. The other appeals option is to appeal to the special Constitutional Courts Guatemala has to just decide constitutional issues. How hard would it be to argue that the defendant had some constitutional rights violated in the process somewhere.
If all that fails after years of waiting for the process to work its way through the courts, then there is the bankruptcy option. Guatemala has a complex bankruptcy court system that could be utilized for shelter from creditors. Using these appellate processes is going to run up the bill for the plaintiff substantially. Without the appeals system, the time required for cases can run up to the 3-5 year mark easily. Then add in appeals. and the bankruptcy for even more years. The plaintiff could conceivably go broke or die of old age before the appeals process runs out. They might recover nothing especially if a bankruptcy is used. The plaintiff might never prevail. The expenses involved could be more than the amount of the judgment. By the time all the appeals are used, the time limit for the judgment may have expired (7-10 years usually) and then the case could be dismissed because the judgment is not longer valid, thus not enforceable. And on and on it goes. Such collection efforts are indeed rarely ever seen in Guatemala.
Summary If you have read this you are looking for a secure offshore asset protection jurisdiction and structure. We have several excellent options. Please bear in mind the perfect jurisdiction and structure does not exist. There is always going to be a give and take scenario. We have managed to isolate a few excellent options but there is no perfect solution that meets the needs of everyone. We do try though!
If you’ve ever gotten injured, you understand why hiring a personal injury lawyer is essential. When an injury takes place, there are several things that must happen, and this is very critical when it comes to matters of money. It’s a traumatizing experience when no one is available to help you with all the legal jargon concerning your personal accident. And even if you were innocent, you’d easily find yourself on the receiving end, and that’s not very good for you at this time.
Regaining from your personal injuries and miseries isn’t enough. You have a huge hospital bill to settle. Medical care is a must, but who says that you should pay those bills? In fact, some of the treatments involved could be long-term due to the nature of injury you incurred. With all this, you are likely to incur unnecessary debts related to your medical bills, something that you would have avoided in the first place. And some victims usually end up paralyzed so that they can’t continue living productive lives anymore. These are just a few reasons why you need to hire the services of a personal injury lawyer to walk you through the process.
1 You can’t squeeze it out from the insurance company Majority of people have insurance that cover their medical bills, car as well as a host of other needs. If it turned out that you were innocent when the accident occurred, the person responsible for the accident would have to foot the bills. They would have to pay for the disability they caused you, the damages to your car, trauma, rehab, and many more. You can’t squeeze all that from an insurance firm since there are lots of paper work and formalities that need to be sorted out. Because of this overwhelming work, you need a personal injury lawyer to help you out.
How wonderful! Ive been informed that my case qualifies for lawsuit funding. How does that help me? More significantly, how many of those cases that qualify are actually successful in obtaining the settlement loans they seek? Just what does make the difference?
The industry out of which lawsuit funding is spawned is quite intriguing. Since Ive been involved with this industry, viewing it through the eyes of both an attorney and healthcare provider, one thing is unmistakably clear – the vast majority of cases that are submitted for pre-settlement loans get denied right out of the starting-gait! To what can this be attributed?
Unequivocally, the vast majority of individuals who seek settlement loans are unable to demonstrate that theyve sustained any specific losses/injuries. For those individuals who are unable to demonstrate such losses/injuries, it is extremely unlikely that they will prevail in the underlying lawsuit. It would be virtually impossible for them to succeed in obtaining settlement loans.
The world is full of uncertainties; you can meet with an accident at any time and place; you may fall prey to an accident while going to work or riding up or down the escalator in your office or a public place; whether it is minor or serious injury, you will certainly go for a Personal Injury Law Lawyer to help you settle a claim. It can be fire, defective products, dog bit, slip and fall, car or motorcycle accident and you may suffer serious injuries. After the accident you can be emotionally stressed, hopeless, scared just because of the complexities of laws.
You need not fight this long battle alone; there is highly skilled and experienced Accident Injury Attorney California who can lead you to a successful claim. Your right selection of an attorney will certainly help you maintain your mental calmness since he can maneuver through the ordeal which may seem you impossible and unachievable. In every personal injury case, there are different circumstances, injuries, the parties involved in the accident. When you are facing the most horrific experience of your life, you should not wait for long to contact San Francisco Lawyer Personal Injury; you would not be charged for the initial interview with the lawyer; it would cost you nothing and you will be shown the way how to go ahead with your case. The fee to San Francisco Personal Injury Lawyers is not a matter of great concern because most of the personal injury attorneys work on a fixed percentage on the claim amount. It means when you receive your compensation you are free to pay them off.
Since there are certain legal and time constraints to file a claim; the sooner you contact a qualified and skilled attorney, the better it is; time plays a vital role in an accident as the case may require you to meet eye witnesses and insurance professionals. A seasoned and experienced Personal Injury Attorney San Francisco can fight for a big amount of money as there are different types of compensations which can be sought in your case; it can be your medical expenses, plastic surgery or reconstruction surgery, loss of wages, loss of companionship etc. So, with the help of a professional lawyer, your chance of getting a fair and reasonable amount is increased. It is better not to settle with an insurance company unless you have consulted with San Francisco Injury Lawyers because, at time, there can be later complications of some injuries and you will not qualify for a compensation for them.