The Signs of a Genuine and Decent Notary Public

A notary public is a person who has been appointed by a government official high up the food chain of the government to be the official government witness to any and every legal matter of the utmost important that requires witnesses to be present at any legal signings or similar events. Notary publics are extremely important individuals who carry a lot of significance in whatever area they have been appointed to serve by their higher ups.

Many people can have trouble telling a genuine and completely decent notary public from a not so decent one. If a person would know the signs that genuine and completely decent notary publics have that differentiate them from the rest, they will be able to distinguish the genuine, decent ones from the others. Well, the following are some of the most common and concrete signs that a decent notary public such as a notary public Vaughan has:

They have official authorization

The one sign that a person can use to easily distinguish between the genuine, decent notary publics and the rest is official authorization. Genuine notary publics are bestowed official authorization from a government official high up the food chain, which, in most cases, is the secretary of state, and this official authorization can be easily used to determine whether or not a notary public is a genuine and decent one.

They are completely honest in their dealings

A sign that most definitely indicates that a notary public is genuine and decent is them being completely fair in each and every one of their dealings. Notary publics are appointed to be witnesses to important legal matters, and since that is so, they need to be completely honest in their dealings.

Justice and equality are words they live by

The average notary public such as a notary public Vaughan vows to serve the public with attributes such as fairness, justice and equality. It is the responsibility of a notary public to see every single person that they have dealings with in the same light and treat every person equally. A strong regard for the words justice and equality is a sign of a genuine and completely decent notary public.

They are friendly

Last, but not the least, another indicator that a notary public is a genuine and decent notary public is how they behave towards other people. Genuine and decent notary publics are extremely friendly and compassionate to the people in the surroundings.

Dallas Child Support Attorneys

Divorce in Texas – taking care of the kids.

Divorce is never easy. It is an admission on one or both spouse’s parts that they did not manage to sustain a marital relationship. Often there is a lot of bitterness with one or both parties invoking blame and retribution on the other. This is particularly exacerbated where there are children involved. It is important for one’s interests to be represented by a skilled attorney well versed in Texas family law in divorce cases where there are minor children.

The whole area of family law to do with Child support, custody, visitation rights is a major area of practice for Dallas Family Law Attorneys.

In Texas “conservatorship” is the name given to define what rights and duties the parents have after the finalization of divorce. Despite what bitterness there may exist between the spouses the interests of the children are actually paramount. Thus in the vast majority of divorce settlements there will be parental rights and duties awarded to both parties. This is known as “Joint managing conservatorship”.

The actual residence of the children is also usually awarded to one parent and usually the mother. Nevertheless the other spouse will still have visiting rights and the right to be regarded as the parent. It is only in cases where the one parent is shown to be irresponsible or impaired as a parent, such as being an abuser of alcohol, drugs or being physically violent that this is overturned.

This visitation and parenting is an area of great potential conflict. Bitterness and anger plus fear and insecurity are some of the emotions that have to be dealt with. Nevertheless it is in the children’s interest that these matters be agreed and adhered to as amicably and as fairly as possible. Family Law attorneys will all deal with issues such as this often. It is strongly advisable that their counsel be followed to help the children cope with the trauma of their parents separation.

Conservatorship is but one aspect of family law, the next of course is the financial support. It should be emphasized that support may equally be sought for a child born out of wedlock. There are many cases of mothers pursuing, and winning child support from fathers of children resulting from extra marital encounters. In these cases paternity must be shown in Texas law.

There is a set “Tariff” or rate for child support laid down in Texas law. If the party has children from one marriage that has ended child support will be determined as a percentage of their “Net resources” in other words everything they might have which has value as an income. 20% for 1 child up to 40% for 5 or more. If there are children from other relationships the calculation is more difficult.

Child support ends when the child reaches the end of secondary education or the 18th birthday whichever is the latter. In all matter of child support knowledge of both parents rights and the amount due for the care and upbringing of the children is crucial. For this reason it is advisable that a firm of Family Law attorneys be appointed to represent the client and look after their interests.

Quick Divorce Miami — 4 Myths About Divorce Mediation

Are you looking for a quick divorce in Miami? Then I’ll tell you what many people have probably already told you before — hire a divorce mediator. But if you have doubts about divorce mediation, this article will debunk four of the most common myths about this relatively new practice.

Myth #1 – Mediation Is Like Marriage Counseling.

I’ll say it once and for all — mediation is NOT marriage counseling. Divorce mediation operates on the assumption that you, and your spouse, WANT the divorce. And so it works towards quickly and conveniently reaching a compromise that both parties are happy with.

Your Miami divorce mediator will take your needs and expectations from the divorce, and then impartially compares them with your spouse’s. Then, taking the divorce laws of Florida into consideration, your mediator will craft a settlement that both you and your spouse will find acceptable.

Myth #2 – Mediation Is An Unnecessary Expense.

It’s a given that divorce is expensive. When done the “usual way,” you’ll have two lawyers (yours and your spouse’s) battling it out in court, with their endless debates and adversarial letters going back and forth for over a year. As your legal bills pile up, why add the cost of mediation to the mix, right?

Fortunately, that’s not how it works. Hiring a divorce mediator actually happens BEFORE you go to the courts. Couples who do so can look to save up to $12,000 or more, because they don’t need the services of their lawyers yet while the divorce mediation sessions are going on.

Myth #3 – Mediation Only Delays The Inevitable.

Sure, divorce is inevitable between you and your spouse. But hiring a divorce mediator is hardly a delay! In fact, since divorce mediation avoids the usual confrontation and endless debates, it actually saves time by helping you and your spouse reach an agreement much more quickly.

The average time required by a divorce mediator to help couples reach amicable settlements is 90 days — 15 months less than what the courts usually take to do the same! Your mediator will ensure a quick divorce in Miami by helping you and your spouse reach an agreement, drafting it up, and then forwarding it to your lawyers to be finalized with the courts.

Myth #4 – Mediation Is Discouraged By The Legal System.

Yes, some lawyers disagree with divorce mediation, and insist that the legal system is still the best venue to process divorce cases. We can’t blame them for saying so — after all, they make much of their living processing divorce cases!

But today, Miami courts actually like divorce mediation. Since they won’t have to sit through months and months of debates, they speed up the processing of other cases. What’s more, divorce mediation is also recommended by lawyers who sincerely care for the well-being of their clients and their families.

Want A Quick Divorce In Miami?

The answer is simple — find a good divorce mediator! The best ones out there have been doing it for quite a while, have good knowledge of the Florida legal system, and have a long list of satisfied clients in their portfolio.

Landlord and Tenant Law – The Importance of A Written Tenancy Agreement

Does a Tenancy Have to Be in Writing? Under the Law of Property Act 1925 and the Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provision) Act 1989 any contract for the creation of an interest in land is invalid and unenforceable unless it is do so in writing. Interest in land would include mortgages, sales and transfers, charges or leases. The exception to this rule is that an oral lease may be created so long as it is;

* For the best rent reasonably obtainable (i.e. a market rent) * For a period of less than 3 years

This means that a tenancy can generally be created by verbal a agreement, although this isn’t advisable as verbal contracts would be difficult to prove and if the relationship between the landlord and the tenant breaks down, an expensive court proceeding may be have to take place in the absence of clear and unambiguous terms. This is why a written tenancy agreement is therefore in the best interests of both the landlord and the tenant.

Written Statement of Terms At the moment every residential tenancy is presumed to be an Assured Shorthold Tenancy unless there is an agreement that states otherwise. Tenancies of this type are subject to special rules.

When there is no written tenancy agreement, section 20A of the Housing Act 1988 provides that the tenant is entitled to be provided on demand with a written statement setting out the following terms of the tenancy:

* Term or length of the tenancy

* Date on which the tenancy commenced

* Dates on which rent is payable

* The rent due under the tenancy

The landlord is required by law to provide this statement within 28 days of receiving written notice from the tenant. Any failure to comply with the requirements of this act wil be classed as a criminal offence and if a landlord fails provide the requested statement within 28 days, they may be convicted and fined up to 2,500.

What Should I Put In The Tenancy Agreement? The information on dates and rent payments that landlords are obliged to provide the tenant under the Housing Act, a tenancy agreement will usually include provisions which relate to the following:

* Details of additional bills & service charges

* Inspections

* Procedure for ending the tenancy and resolving disputes

* Procedure for varying the rent

* Responsibility for maintenance

* Restrictions on the use of the property

In all tenancies, the tenant will have a number of basic rights which cannot be taken away or restricted, and any provision of the tenancy agreement which attempts to do so will become invalid. Where one provision or term of a contract such as a tenancy is found to be invalid, other provisions which refer or relate to that term may be unenforceable. Because of this, care should be taken when drafting a tenancy agreement and you may want to consult a professional.

If you own several properties which you rent out, it may be more cost-effective for you to ask a lawyer to draft you a standard-form tenancy agreement which you can customise for each individual property rather than consulting a solicitor for each individual tenancy.

Collaborative Divorce — breaking up doesn’t have to mean breaking the bank

The collaborative process, started by Minneapolis family lawyer Stuart Webb in 1990, provides alternative dispute resolution using a team of professionals working jointly for the couple, rather than in adversarial roles. It is just now hitting the radar screen in Illinois, where practitioners estimate that about 300 divorces have been handled this way in the last several years. The state averages about 35,000 divorces a year, records show.

Both parties agree not to enter litigation. Couples often hire attorneys trained in collaborative law and bring in shared accountants, financial planners, business valuation experts, child psychologists and even life coaches to help the couple. Unlike impartial mediators, the attorneys can advise their clients as advocates.

Proponents say it dramatically cuts the tension–and the costs–involved in traditional contested divorces.

There are skeptics, however. Among the critics are those who say the peacefulness of the process encourages divorce and attorneys who say the best representation for any divorcing spouse is a vigorous offense.

Participants in a collaborative divorce sign documents promising to disclose all assets, and their attorneys agree to walk away from the case if the parties end up going to trial.

An average contested divorce can run about $30,000, but it’s not uncommon for some to reach six figures, attorneys say.

Collaborative costs vary widely, depending on the number of professionals involved and the number of meetings it takes for spouses to agree on a settlement. Collaborative attorneys estimate that most of these cases settle for half to a third of what their bill would have been with a court battle. Settlements must be reviewed and approved by a judge.

Costs ranged from $5,000 to $21,000, representing as high as 15 percent of annual household income.

Even friendly divorces come with costs that reach beyond the courtroom, however, and women especially tend to feel the strain. Divorce Magazine reported the drop in standard of living for women after divorce was 45 percent in 2000. About 20 percent of people filing personal bankruptcy had been recently divorced, according to Harvard University law professor Elizabeth Warren, who has studied families in dire financial straits since 1986 and who is considered one of the leading national authorities on bankruptcies.

Your staff: In addition to consulting attorneys, divorcing couples are turning to specialized financial planners to run living cost estimates, decide the value of family businesses and prepare investment return projections on proposed settlements.

Typically these are accountants, certified financial planners or other financial advisers who offer a specialized divorce practice. Someone who has a Certified Divorce Financial Analyst designation has also taken a self-study course and completed four exams related to divorce finances, but be sure to inquire what other credentials he or she has. Training is done through the Institute for Divorce Financial Analysts in Southfield, Mich. (800-875-1760).

If you’ll need help valuing assets or a business, or suspect your future ex may be hiding money you also may need to contact a forensic accountant.

If you are the primary breadwinner but are considering a lower-paying job as you go through the divorce transition years, tread carefully. Some judges will require you to maintain your family’s previous standard of living. A judge may rule you’re more than capable of a high earning power and decide to award less alimony.

Your portfolio: If you think you’ll have to draw down some retirement money to cover expenses in the first few years of divorce, do it sooner rather than later, this way you can take a distribution at the time of divorce without a penalty,

Your tax return: Be sure to consider the tax consequences of your divorce settlement. The more money a primary breadwinner doles out as alimony instead of child support, the more he or she can deduct from income, experts say. The spouse receiving the alimony will have to pay income taxes on the money, but usually it will be at a lower tax bracket. Child support, on the other hand, isn’t deductible from income.

Divorce Law Myths in Australia

There are many myths about the laws that govern divorce in Australia. A lot of television shows, such as Boston Legal will have many viewers believing that divorce is a complicated and daunting process. However the majority of divorces never make it to court and only about 5% actually have a judge that makes the final decision. The majority of divorce claims reach a mutual agreement between the two parties before entering the courtroom.

The assistance of a lawyer will speed up the process and will guide you through any complications along the way. A qualified divorce lawyer can answer all questions relating to your divorce claim, including child custody, courtroom affairs and division of assets and property. In most cases your lawyer will be able to reach a settlement with the other party without standing before a judge.

Equal Child Custody
The idea that children will receive equal custody by both parents is not true and neither is the thought that mothers receive more custody. There are a few legislations that state equal child custody however these legislations are not mandatory. The truth is child custody is decided by 3 factors; firstly the childs age and their ability to decide which parent is in their best interest.

Secondly, the safety of the venue the child will be residing, including the home, contents and the surrounding area. Lastly is the practicality of the arrangement, including the distance from school and other facilities the child requires. Another myth surrounding child custody is that there is a high abuse rate. The abuse rate is actually higher in intact families as opposed to separated families where both parents have custody.

Half All Assets and Property
Again only 5% of divorce claims settle property and assets before a judge, as the majority of claims are settled outside of court. Even when settling before a judge, the chance of receiving equal amounts is very rare. In contrast to what many people believe, the earning capacity of each spouse is not the basis for the division of property and assets. Rather home duties are weighed together and the home maker will in most cases receive up to 70%.

For example the father may be more employable than the mother; however the mother has more home caring skills and will most likely end up with a larger settlement. There are cases where the main home carer will not receive the majority of property and assets, and that is when assets exceed an exceptional amount, such as property over one million dollars.

The Jury Decides
Nearly all matters concerning family law will not have a jury and will only have a judge. Divorce claims are held in family or federal courts, where only a judge, registrar or magistrate is present. The only exception is criminal acts, which are not treated as family law and are handled differently.

The majority of simple answers surrounding divorce law are myths, because they cannot be explained briefly. If you are serious about a divorce claim, then you should consult a professional family divorce lawyer. The best way is to jump online and Google family lawyers in your area.

How to Choose a Good Divorce Lawyer

Every relationship begins with a feeling of love and affection. But there can be some unfortunate situations where your life becomes a maelstrom. The marriage that you thought would give love and happiness will end up a lacuna. You experience a mlange of emotions when a necessity to proclaim a divorce arises. What you need the foremost in a situation like that are good lawyers who can understand your emotions, the emotional and financial stress that you are undergoing and help you accordingly. Moreover, the lawyer should be someone who can explicate things in a proper way for you to understand as the divorce process is going to be rigorous and time consuming. Since it is an intricate issue that is subject to too many complications and lots of mutual disagreement, it is indispensable to be circumspect. So it becomes a necessity to know how to choose a good divorce lawyer.

Qualities of a Good Lawyer

The lawyer you are looking for, in short, should be a legal eagle. After all, you entrust your future in the hands of the lawyer. An effectual lawyer is the one who will
Assist you in the proceedings of the court and the case
Provide courtly response for the questions that you pose
Help you understand the positive and negative aspects of the case
Assist you in concentrating on the important part of the divorce, keeping in mind the emotional problems. Precautions to Be Taken

You can carry on one of these procedures before you choose the right person to represent you in court.
Talk to friends or people who have already undergone the legal proceedings of a divorce.
Do comparative study by talking to more than one lawyer and check out how they differ and what is beneficial to you.
Think twice if you are comfortable talking to the lawyer about your marriage life.
Observe their opinion about arguing for child custody, if you have a child.
Talk to the lawyers personally and not through phone as this can give you an idea about how honest the lawyer is.
Do not let the desire of getting a divorce soon and breaking up from the marriage affect your analysis about the lawyer.
Check if the lawyer will effectively take care of the settlements, the alimony or the palimony. Clarifications to be Carried Out

Once a lawyer has satisfied all these criteria there are a series of questions that you should ask them to make sure you have chosen the right one. Some of them being,
For how long has the person been pursuing law as a career.
The lawyers area of expertise.
The trail experience that the lawyer possesses.
How has the lawyer handled cases that were similar to your case.
To what extent the lawyer has knowledge about the settlement and parental alienation.
The process of filing and getting a divorce in the city of your residence.
The apparent issues and obstacles in the case.
Duration of the process and the process that s/he would recommend.
Amount you are going to pay them.
The schedule of payment.Play Your Part Honestly

The Truth Will Stand When the World is on Fire

Summary

A version of this statement is often passed down within families. It comes from a variety of sources. One is Shakespeare’s “The Merchant of Venice”: “The Truth will Out.” In Ephesians 5:9 of The Bible, a modern translation fits the statement: “The light within you produces what is good, right, and true.” Essentially, it is the little voice in our heart that tells us right from wrong. The world is on fire when enough people do not listen to that little voice. Yet, time after time, even when the world is on fire, enough people have listened, combined, and acted for the collective good. Another quote: “When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one by one, an un-pitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle.” Give Edmund Burke, an Irish political philosopher, credit for saying something that we all know to be true.

Tests of our Character

It tends to happen in small groups. Someone does something out of line. What do the others in the small group do? Usually, they tolerate the act. Then, the antagonist believes that his/her activity has borne fruit. It happens again. Most likely, the group will take note, but will not get involved. A psychologist among them would have an opportunity to conduct a case study on what has become a group dynamic. For everyone else in the group, this could be the opening volley of misery. This is the tyrant in the office, the bully on the school ground,the rule breaker and mischief-maker. What happens if someone in the office realizes, after repeated disruptions, that he/she must stand up to the tyrant? What indeed? If one good person takes a stand, the rest of the group still must do something. Usually, they do nothing. “Let Human Resources handle it.” “Discipline is the teacher’s job.” These moments are a test of character for everyone in the small group. If someone stands up for right, and stands alone, the stronger personality will win. Quite often, the stronger personality belongs to the tyrant. An emboldened tyrant will dominate, much as a sheep-herding dog dominates sheep that outnumber the dog, perhaps 200:1.

Citizens

People predominately live their lives as members of a human society. In some parts of the world, those societies are still called tribes. In industrialized countries, citizens often form around villages, towns, cities. Folks identify themselves to be part of a district, a state, a region and a country. Besides geography, people form around their familial ties, their religion, their sport team, their school, their earned educational designation (society of engineers, local labor union). In all of these examples of shared human bonds, the rule of law is necessary. Someone must lead. He/’she is expected to promote the welfare of the society through governance. Tests of our character are found here too. The same people who will not listen to their inner voice, will not stand up for righteousness, will not support the one who does, also will not likely contribute to the society. They will not lead or volunteer to support. They will not vote and will not communicate with the one who was elected. When trouble comes,they expect the police to handle it. When their child acts out in public, they will not correct the child. Their country might have been born from sacrifice. Others, before them, may have given their lives to guarantee the freedoms that all of the citizens enjoy. Yet, in time of need, during crisis, and even during the safe times when voting in the best leader is so important, so many will shirk their obligation to their ancestors and to the society’s needs today. They will not listen to their inner voice. “Let someone else vote.” “Someone should say something to that lady who lets her dog C*** on their lawn.” “I don’t have time to answer that senator who asked me how he is doing in Congress.” “Those poor starving people in the earthquake zone;someone should organize food for them.” “What is the world coming to? Those people have just taken another country. Don’t they realize that their leader is a tyrant? I hope we stay out of it.”

The Truth

The rule of law only works when society enforces the rule. Many will argue that there is too much corruption and crime in the world, too many different points of view to gain consensus on what is right, vast distances in geography, and greater personal risks today make it harder to take a principled stand. Yet,no argument has the strength to withstand public scrutiny or self-examination. When we do not take a stand, we stand for nothing. Edmund Burke is not remembered for being correct about the stands that he took. He is admired for standing up. Any of us who have done that in our lives, look back on the moment without the stinging rebuke of regret. The ones who stand alone against the tyrant and bully stand tall, even if they lose. It is the ones who will not stand with him/her, those who let themselves fail the test of character, who cast their eyes down to their shoes in the presence of the one who was sacrificed. But, take heart. Some of the most admired, good people of societies were slackers for much of their early lives. One day,they looked up and stood up for right. That became their habit. The truth will stand when the world is on fire. Truth is revealed by people who will not tolerate a wrong. When they stand, they are the rock. Those who stand with them build a stone wall about that rock. Never are there too many of them to extinguish a moral fire. There can be too few. Stand up!

Paternity Tests in South Africa

Paternity Tests and the New Childrens Act

The new Childrens Act confirms in Section 36 a presumption in respect of a child born out of wedlock. The presumption is that the person whom had sexual intercourse with the mother at any time when that child could have been conceived will be presumed to be the biological father of the child in the absence of evidence to the contrary which raises reasonable doubt. In the case of S v L 1992 (3) SA 713 (E) it was held that the phrase “in the absence of evidence to the contrary which raises reasonable doubt” means that whenever there is evidence to the contrary, the presumption does not operate or ceases to operate. This is also in line with the courts decision in R v Epstein 1951 (1) SA 278 (O), where it was held that a presumption operating “in the absence of evidence to the contrary” only requires evidence, not proof, to counteract the presumption. The Childrens Act does not define the word “evidence”, thus any acceptable evidence suffices, regardless of whether it is direct or circumstantial, however, it must raise reasonable doubt.
Section 37 of the Childrens Act states that if a person in proceedings in which paternity of a child is challenged refuses to submit him/herself, or the child, to take blood samples in order to carry out a scientific test to prove the paternity of the child, then a presumption in our law exists in which the failure of such a party to agree to such a test may be used as evidence to prove the contrary. The effect of this section is that it compels a court to warn the person who has refused to have his/her or the childs blood sample taken of the effect which such refusal might have on his/her credibility.
Refusal by mother to submit her and child to testing
In O v O, Friedman JP stated that there is no statutory or common-law power enabling the court to order an adult to allow a blood sample to be taken for the purpose of establishing paternity. Although there is still no such power, Section 37 obliges the court to warn the mother of the consequences of her refusal (perhaps that the man she is accusing of having fathered her child cannot be deemed to have fathered the child in the absence of a blood test). He would then in all probability not be ordered to pay maintenance for the child.

By Bertus Preller
Family Law Attorney
Abrahams and Gross Inc. Cape Town
www.divorcettorney.co.za

Signing A Non-Disclosure Agreement With A Patent Attorney

Clients mostly persuade their patent attorney to sign a non disclosure agreement. Patent attorney appointed for the purpose of patenting is not required to sign the non disclosure agreement on request of the inventor. But various lawyers obtain money from the inventors in order to sign a non disclosure agreement (NDA). This practice is followed so that the inventor questions about the procedure of the invention patenting from the patent attorney. These types of agreements are beneficial to the inventors however the patent attorney acts as a signing authority and has to pay for this process. Therefore, considering the ethical rights this practice has been excluded. If the non disclosure agreement (NDA) is being decided and signed in any case, it is advised for both the patent attorney and the inventor to consult a counsel for the same. This is a little unusual as the patent attorney who represents his/her client has to further consult his/her attorney in order to get advised whether to sign the non-disclosure agreement or not. This is why such an option is not considered by various inventors and patent attorneys who work for patenting the innovation.

Until and unless the idea and information regarding the innovation are discussed with the patent attorney by the inventor, the non disclosure agreement (NDA) cannot be signed as the patent attorney is liable to provide confidentiality to the information given by the inventor. A patent attorney has to abide by various federal rules which are imposed so that the information of the inventor or the client is always kept confidential. In such scenarios an inventor gets confused as in how to get a non disclosure agreement (NDA) signed without disclosing his/her original idea to the lawyer. What best could be done here is that inventor gets the non disclosure agreement (NDA) drafted by a lawyer first and then submit it to the patent attorney for signature and then get started with the client-attorney involvement.

But, this could prove difficult as a lot of money from the inventors end would be spent. There shouldn’t be any discrepancy of interests of the current or past clients while the patent attorney represents the current inventor. This can also create some issues for the patent attorney until the patent attorney is well versed with the client needs and requirements. Disclosing fundamental information pertaining to the invention with the patent attorney which might not necessarily include all the information about the invention can ensure inventors about the faster and successful patenting process and signing of the non disclosure agreement (NDA). However, for some patent attorneys such basic information could not be sufficient enough.

Therefore, clients and inventors do trust some patent attorneys and reply upon them in such scenarios as they would not use the innovative idea for illegal and unlawful use as the patent attorney is not into such competition as is the client himself.